In all wars in history, women have always been targeted. Rape is seen as the most common
violence experienced by women during the war. From ancient times, women were often
seen as spoils of war by different societies, and rape was perceived as a normal act of war
during war. (Gaca, 2011:73-88) Even the II. During the World War II, Japan also resorted to
institutionalizing rape by applying the “comfort women” system in order to meet the sexual
needs of its soldiers in the occupied territories (Hicks, 1995).
In February 2011, the violence of the radical terrorist organization, which became stronger
due to the chaos in Syria and called itself the Islamic State of Iraq Sam (ISIS), began. In this
process, the Kurdish people in northern Syria started a war against the Radical Terrorist
organization to protect themselves and caused the cities to be destroyed as a result of
intense clashes. During this war, as in the other wars above, women were greatly affected.
Radika Islamist Terrorist Organization saw Kurdish women as spoils of war and started to sell
them in the markets.
While these situations were happening, women fought at the forefront of the war against
the radical terrorist organization, and ISIS was defeated in this war. Of course, as a result of
this situation, Kurdish female fighters (YPJ) gained great success and entered the world
agenda. Many victories achieved in this process were revolutionary by the women’s
organization. This revolution is continued by women in Syria.
I wanted to draw attention to this situation in my work. There are two different colored
women’s shawls that you can see in this work. These have become a symbol of the victory of
Kurdish women in Syria, and these shawls are used by women in many parts of the world.